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Copyright 101: Books, Articles, & Images

Information on Copyright laws and Fair Use guideliines

Tips for Instructors

Guidelines for Classroom Copying with Respect to Books and Periodicals

The following excerpt is from the Circular 21: Reproduction of Copyrighted Works by Educators and Librarians, section C, 2b, ii, pg. 6.

Single Copying for Teachers

A single copy may be made of any of the following by or for a teacher at his or her individual request for his or her scholarly research or use in teaching or preparation to teach a class:

  • A chapter from a book;
  • An article from a periodical or newspaper;
  • A short story, short essay or short poem, whether or not from a collective work;
  • A chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture from a book, periodical, or newspaper;

Multiple Copies for Classroom Use

Multiple copies (not to exceed in any event more than one copy per pupil in a course) may be made by or for the teacher giving the course for classroom use or discussion; provided that:

  • The copying meets the tests of brevity and spontaneity as defined below; and,
  • Meets the cumulative effect test as defined below; and,
  • Each copy includes a notice of copyright
  • Copy protected workbooks, exercises, test materials and other consumable goods, cannot ever be copied.

*Students should refer to Fair Use guidelines.